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Sociology

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Introductory

What Is Sociology?

A brief Introduction to Sociology, focusing on the concepts of social relationships, groups and order.

Crime and Deviance

Left Realism

A simple outline of the "3-cornered approach" to understanding crime and deviance.


Visualising Left Realism

This is a simple "teaching presentation" that provides visual representations of three aspects of left realism:

1. The Three-cornered Approach to Crime (Young, 2003)

2. The Criminogenic Triangle (Lea and Young, 1984)

3. The Square of Crime (Young, 1997).


Approaches to Deviance

The basic features of correctional criminological and labelling approaches to crime and deviance are identified and compared.



Globalisation and Transnational Crime: Part 1
This presentation focuses on examples of *conventional forms of crime facilitated by globalisation*, including *trafficking, counterfeiting* and *intellectual property rights*. The slides are designed to provide "background examples" of conventional transnational crimes that can be elaborated by teachers within the classroom.


Organised Crime: Part 3
If you prefer to use PowerPoint rather than video, then this, Part 3 of the Organised Crime series, is the one for you. It deals with Economic Market models and differs marginally from the video in that it has no filmed inserts and some of the accompanying text has been omitted.



Theories of Crime

These presentations covers a range of popular A-level Crime and Deviance theories and each presentation combines text, graphics, audio and video as a means of delivering interesting and accessible content to both teachers and students. The Presentations can be used for revision or as a starting-point for further elaboration.

Functionalist Theories

New Right Theories
A PowerPoint version available on the Crime Channel
Interactionist Theories
A PowerPoint version available on the Crime Channel


Functionalist Perspectives on Deviance
This Presentation, created by Lee Bryant, outlines a range of Functionalist theories of deviance:
Durkheim: Functions of crime; Hirschi: Bonds of attachment; Merton: Social structure and anomie; Structural and subcultural theories; Cohen: The delinquent subculture; Cloward and Ohlin: Delinquency and opportunity; Murray: The underclass.


Responses to Strain

Although examples of Merton’s “Responses to Strain” are fairly straightforward I always think it helps students if they can visualise the basic idea involved. This short presentation, therefore, was designed to enable teachers to display the various responses and talk around the topic at the same time (just think of it as multitasking). Also, if you need some critical notes on strain theory you can find them here.

Culture

The Web of Identity
This small (two slide) Presentation can be used to introduce (or revise) the concept of identity and its relationship to other groups of sociological concepts.

Education

Flashcards can be a fun way to engage students with their revision and this set of 32 flashcards (divided into two separate packs) focuses on the Role of Education. You can download a couple of different versions:

1. Flashcard without answers displays a definition for 30 seconds before moving to the next definition. Students can use the blank answer sheet to record their answers (and use the completed answer sheet to check them)
2. Flashcards with answers displays a definition for 30 seconds and then displays the answer before moving to the next definition.

Family

Family Structures
A relatively simple Presentation outlining 4 types of family structure: nuclear, extended, reconstituted and single-parent.


Commitments to Cohabitation

Simple Presnetation illustrating Smart and Stevens (2000) two basic forms of “commitment to cohabitation”:

1. Contingent commitment involved couples cohabiting “until they were sure it was safe or sensible to become permanently committed or married”.

2. Mutual commitment involved the couple feeling as committed to each other and their children as married couples.


Or, if you prefer you can watch online.


Politics and Power

Pluralist Model of Power
This short Presentation by Lee Bryant offers a range of definitions of power and provides a visual demonstration of pluralist models of power in a UK context.

Theory and Methods

Methodology 1
Contents include: Factors influencing choice of method; validity and predictability; the advantages and disadvantages of Participant Observation, Structured Interviews, Secondary data and Triangulation.


Methodology 2
Presentation containing nearly 50 slides covering Positivist and Non-positivist methods and methodology, authored by students of Coopers and Coburn school: Cheidi Antoine, Michael Boyce, Jeremy Bristow, Chris Dann, Chris Davis, Anthony Forsyth, Patrick Hill, Laura Knight, Lewis Mason, Stephanie Moore, Jenna Payne, Lauren Penticost, Holly Rantell, Jay Reeves, Lucy Salmon, Terryann Smith, Adam Solomons, Luke Snellin, Steve Walker and Alison Young.


Sociological Theory
An introduction to the concept of theory; understanding sociological perspectives (Functionalism, Marxism, Interactionism, Feminism, Post-Modernism).


The Hypothetico-Deductive Model

A simple one-slide representation of Popper's classic statement of scientific research. The idea is mainly to save you time if you're lecturing about the model. The presentation contains two versions:

1. Click-to-advance for those who want to talk about each element in the model before advancing the presentation.

2. Self-advancing where each element in the model is revealed after a two-second delay.


If you prefer a more filmic version you can watch online without the hassle of downloading...



Emergent Research

This simple 30-second (idealised) outline of the processes involved in emergent research can be used as a counterpoint to the Hypothetico-deductive model to present an alternative (Interpretivist) model of scientific sociological research.


If you prefer your research methods on film (and why wouldn't you?) you can watch this epic creation online...


McDonaldisation
A simple (one screen) presentation covering the main points of Ritzer's 'MacDonaldisation' argument.


PowerPoint


Resources

Notes | PowerPoint | Video | NotAFactsheet | Lesson Plans | Worksheets | Revision | Simulations